CROPSIL® AND EDAGUM®SМ Influence on Plants
CROPSIL® AND EDAGUM®SМ are unique agricultural inputs that accelerates plant growth and development, improves the survival rate at replanting, and raises the plants resistance to diseases and unfavorable environmental conditions: drought, over-wetting, anoxia, frosts, insufficient light, etc.
The use of CROPSIL® AND EDAGUM®SМ on plants has direct and indirect benefits on the outcome and potential of most crops. The direct influence of these inputs is revealed during pre-plant seeds germination treatment and foliar spaying of plants during vegetation. The indirect influence is related to participation of silicic acid and humic substances in formation of soil fertility.
Pre-plant seed germination treatment with CROPSIL® AND EDAGUM®SМ accelerates the emergence of seedlings upto 1-2 days, with excellent white rooting development. As well as an increase enhance synthesis of DNA, RNA and protein, intensifies cell division (mitosis), and thus energy of seeds germination increases.
Using CROPSIL® AND EDAGUM®SМ as a foliar stimulates growth and development of plant root system, increasing the amount of secondary and tertiary root hairs. The use of CROPSIL® AND EDAGUM®SМ assist in reducing transplant shock suffered by young plant and saplings. The plants survival rate drastically increases after transplanting. Powerful root system stimulates growth of shoots, increasing number of sprouts and leaves. At spraying in a phase of 2-3 leaves with CROPSIL® AND EDAGUM®SМ the transport of nutrients to young growing tissues increases due to regulation of cell membranes permeability, providing intensive growth of shoots and root system that finally affects positively during all the vegetation and increases survival of all crops, fruits, berries and flowers.
CROPSIL® AND EDAGUM®SМ regulates cell biochemical processes, activates absorption of UV- radiation and accelerates photosynthesis in leaves. Resulting in more erect leaves obtain intensive green color, leaf surface also increases. For cereals in tillering phase CROPSIL® AND EDAGUM®SМ provides formation of more abundant sprouts.
CROPSIL® AND EDAGUM®SМ activates enzymes related to accumulation of nutrients, which maintains plant productivity and improves production quality of crop. Acceleration of nucleic acids and protein synthesis is accompanied by increase of mineral nitrogen uptake, which reduces content of free nitrates and nitrites in plant cells.
Due to activation of cell biochemical processes by CROPSIL® AND EDAGUM®SМ plant ability to tolerate unfavorable environmental conditions is greatly improved, and the plants immunity to fungal diseases increases. The use of CROPSIL® AND EDAGUM®SМ allows for the reduction of antifungal chemicals by up to 50% and maintaining their efficiency and effectiveness at lower rate.
As it is known, the use of pesticides brings chemical stress to plants: After the use of harsh chemicals, plant-growth does not resume for upto 72 hours after treatment. However, the use of pesticides in combination with CROPSIL® AND EDAGUM®SМ reduces considerably the recovery time needed for plant-growth to resume. CROPSIL® AND EDAGUM®SМ stimulates the biochemical processes in cells and increases plant immunity.
CROPSIL® AND EDAGUM®SМ promote acceleration of humification processes in soils, activation of soil microflora, mobilization of plant unavailable phosphorus and microelements into available speciations, improve water-physical soil properties and temperature rates. Positively affecting plant growth and development.
Because of CROPSIL® AND EDAGUM®SМ applications, the yield of agricultural crops increases. Preservation and transit life of harvested crop improves and production quality as well as nutrient value of crop improves. Resulting in increase of vitamins, proteins, fats, carbohydrates and better taste.
INFLUENCE ON SOIL
CROPSIL® AND EDAGUM®SМ improves physical, chemical and biological soil properties; fulfill protective function, capable to restore fertility of poor, exhausted and damaged soils.
INFLUENCE ON SOIL PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Optimization of soil structure. On heavy clay soils CROPSIL® AND EDAGUM®SМ promote repulsion of clay particles due of removal of excessive salts and destruction of three-dimensional clay structure. Thus, soil moisture and air conditions improve.
On sandy soils CROPSIL® AND EDAGUM®SМ envelop and stick together mineral particles, promoting formation of valuable water stable crumble soil structure which improves soil water holding and water-retaining capacity, air permeability.
CROPSIL® AND EDAGUM®SМ enhances the soils ability to hold water due to the formation of hydrogen bonds between water molecules and charged groups of humates, as well as by metal ions adsorbed on them. Thus, evaporation of water decreases on average upto 30% which leads to more effective using of moisture by plants. Under the influence of CROPSIL® AND EDAGUM®SМ soil moisture obtains structure, which positively influences plant growth and development. Soil becomes more dark and rich in color that improves absorption and accumulation of solar energy by soils.
INFLUENCE ON SOIL CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
Soil absorbability and cation exchange capacity is improved by CROPSIL® AND EDAGUM®SМ. Humic acids are polyelectrolytes and silicic acid is plant available, together they can form complexes with organic and mineral soil components to form soil exchange complex. Humic acids adsorbs and keeps nutrients in the soil and silicic acid makes these micronutrients and speciations more available for plants development.
Soil treatment with CROPSIL® AND EDAGUM®SМ increases soil buffer capacity which means that soil can resist changing the reaction of soil solution towards acid or alkaline reaction.
CROPSIL® AND EDAGUM®SМ work together to adsorb nutrients and thus promote their uptake to improve plant nutrition. Microelements form labile chelate complexes with humates which are easily available to plants. Positively charged metal ions are supposed to react with negatively charged functional groups of humic acids (carboxylic, hydroxylic, etc.). In the process of water absorption by roots soluble humates approach root cells. The negative charge of root system exceeds a negative charge of humates that leads to splitting out of metal ions from humic acid molecules and to absorption of ions by cell membrane.
The ability of CROPSIL® AND EDAGUM®SМ to dissolve many soil minerals leads to mobilization of plant unavailable nutrients. Increase of soil labile phosphorus, exchangeable potassium and available nitrogen occur in soil arable layer after soil treatment with EDAGUM®SМ. Soil humic substances create long-term stocks of all the plant nutrients, as well as carbohydrates and amino acids, provide sustainable existence of all currently known life forms and wholeness of soils ecosystem.
CROPSIL® AND EDAGUM®SМ Influence of Humates on Soil Biological Properties
CROPSIL® AND EDAGUM®SМ enhances various groups of microorganisms participating in processes of mobilization of nutrients in soil. Humic acids are sources of available phosphates and carbon for microorganisms, they are capable to form aggregates in soil where enhanced development of microbial colonies take place, and nutrients taken up by plant.
Application of CROPSIL® AND EDAGUM®SМ improves soil provision of available nitrogen. The number of ammonification bacteria increase 3-5 times, and nitrification increases 3-7 times. Due to improvement of living conditions of free living bacteria their ability to fix molecular nitrogen from atmosphere increases almost 10-fold.
In soil CROPSIL® AND EDAGUM®SМ increase number of microorganisms decomposing soluble minerals and organic phosphorus. An increase in the number of silicate bacteria in soil the content of exchangeable potassium is constantly compensated. Thus, the soil is enriched by available nutrients.
Protective action of CROPSIL® AND EDAGUM®SМ on soil is conditioned by:
- Formation of insoluble and non-labile complexes with heavy metals which are thus removed from cycle of matter and do not get into plants, ground waters and atmosphere;
- Additional CROPSIL® AND EDAGUM®SМ in soil maintenance soil stability to technogenic pollution, due to the activation of soil microflora;
- Application of CROPSIL® AND EDAGUM®SМ allows to reduce transition of radioactive caesium into a tradable part of production up to 50%.
- CROPSIL® AND EDAGUM®SМ activates the mechanism of detoxication of various organic pollutants (oil products, pesticides, etc.) by soil microorganisms;
Protective action of CROPSIL® AND EDAGUM®SМ is especially important for soils experiencing an enhanced technogenic impact: exposed to emissions of ferrous and nonferrous metallurgy, in sites of oil extraction, near large highways, at use of pesticides and agrochemicals, etc.